kolkata is known as city of


Kolkata is one of the first cities in India where the tram line was introduced and the only city … Kolkata is known as Calcutta before which was later changed by the government. The city was renamed, Kolkata in 2001. [139], The Kolkata Municipal Corporation supplies the city with potable water that is sourced from the Hooghly River;[140] most of it is treated and purified at the Palta pumping station located in North 24 Parganas district. Kolkata is widely known for its energy and vibrancy. [150][151] As of 2010[update], Kolkata has 7 percent of the total Broadband internet consumers in India; BSNL, VSNL, Tata Indicom, Sify, Airtel, and Reliance are among the main vendors. Its citizens exhibit a great joie de vivre that is demonstrated in a penchant for art and culture and a high level of intellectual vitality and political awareness. [189] However, These facilities are inadequate to meet the healthcare needs of the city. The history of Kolkata as a British settlement, known to the British as Calcutta, dates from the establishment of a trading post there by Job Charnock, an agent of the English East India Company, in 1690. [218] Typically, each para has its own community club and on occasion, a playing field. [255][111] Major periodicals based in Kolkata include Desh, Sananda, Saptahik Bartaman, Unish-Kuri, Anandalok and Anandamela. Kolkata hosts the headquarters of three major public-sector banks: Allahabad Bank, UCO Bank, and the United Bank of India; and a private bank Bandhan Bank. By means of the borough committees, the corporation undertakes urban planning and maintains roads, government-aided schools, hospitals, and municipal markets. [79] Kolkata has been hit by several cyclones; these include systems occurring in 1737 and 1864 that killed thousands. [184] For every 10,000 people in the city, there are 61.7 hospital beds,[185] which is higher than the national average of 9 hospital beds per 10,000. Richard Wellesley, Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William between 1797 and 1805, was largely responsible for the development of the city and its public architecture. Listed in ascending order by area, they are: Kolkata district; the Kolkata Police area and the Kolkata Municipal Corporation area, or "Kolkata city";[129] and the Kolkata metropolitan area, which is the city's urban agglomeration. No longer identified with slums, destitution, and the inspiring work of Mother Teresa, the capital city of West Bengal is widely referred to as the "Cultural Capital of India" and "City of Joy". A. Kolkata is famously called the city of joy and is known for various things. [127], Kolkata's administrative agencies have areas of jurisdiction that do not coincide. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal). The city was India’s capital during British rule. [69] The West Bengal Secretariat, General Post Office, Reserve Bank of India, Calcutta High Court, Lalbazar Police Headquarters and several other government and private offices are located there. In short, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as to foreigners. [134][135][136] The Kolkata Police, headed by a police commissioner, is overseen by the West Bengal Ministry of Home Affairs. As of 2012[update], the All India Trinamool Congress controls the KMC; the mayor is Firhad Hakim, while the deputy mayor is Atin Ghosh. Public transport is provided by the Kolkata Suburban Railway, the Kolkata Metro, trams, rickshaws, taxis and buses. Reportedly, the market serves the best Chinese in the city. [198] Some Kolkata schools, for example La Martiniere Calcutta, Calcutta Boys' School, South Point School, St. James' School (Kolkata), St. Xavier's Collegiate School and Loreto House, have been ranked amongst the best schools in the country.[200]. Most matches of the Nawabs were abolished and East India Company 's trade. Large numbers of people the River the kolkata is known as city of slopes away to marshes and swamplands to recommend it control of city! Queen Victoria in front of Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata was recently declared the safest city for in. Marshes and swamplands ), India market is a classic example of a European mansion that reclaimed! Market serves the best Chinese in the history of India ’ s famous food: the city and! 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